Syncope, or fainting, is a momentary loss of consciousness that happens most often when blood pressure is so low that the heart can’t pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the brain. Although syncope can be a one-time problem triggered by a benign cause, it can also be a symptom of an underlying heart condition. Board-certified cardiologist Ramon Castello MD, FACC, FASE of CardioHealth in Jacksonville, Florida has the experience and expertise to diagnose unexplained fainting episodes and treat underlying cardiovascular causes. To learn more, call or book an appointment online today.
Commonly referred to as fainting or passing out, syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness brought on by insufficient blood flow to the brain.
When you’re about to faint, you may feel dizzy, lightheaded, or nauseous. Your skin may also feel cold and clammy. Just before you lose all muscle control and pass out, your field of vision may go wholly white or completely black.
After fainting, you may be unconscious for a minute or two before you wake back up. It’s important to rest for 15-30 minutes after fainting, as standing up too soon can lead to another fainting spell.
Vasovagal syncope (VVS), also known as neurocardiogenic syncope or reflex syncope, is the most common type of fainting.
VVS occurs when the area of your nervous system that controls blood pressure and heart rate stops working as it should, usually in response to an outside trigger. Common triggers include:
VVS is usually a benign condition that you can avoid once you know your triggers. Because you can’t always avoid your known triggers, however, it’s important to lie or sit down if you feel a fainting episode coming on.
When fainting spells happen regularly, or when they can’t be definitively linked to a trigger like dehydration, overheating, or a sudden positional change, they may be a symptom of a serious heart or vascular condition.
Unlike VVS, cardiac syncope usually occurs suddenly. It can also occur without the dizziness, nausea, clammy skin, and other pre-syncope symptoms that usually happen with VVS. Common causes of cardiac syncope include:
Heart arrhythmias, or abnormal heart rhythms, can make it harder for your heart to pump oxygen-rich blood to your brain efficiently.
Several types of cardiac arrhythmias can cause syncope, including bradyarrhythmias, which occur when your heart beats too slowly, and tachyarrhythmias, which occur when your heart beats too quickly.
Your aorta is the large artery that carries oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body. When the valve between your heart and your aorta becomes narrow and stiff, it can reduce the amount of oxygen that reaches your brain.
Because unexplained or recurrent fainting episodes may be symptomatic of a severe cardiovascular condition, it’s vital for anyone who has experienced syncope to undergo a comprehensive evaluation.
Besides considering your medical history and assessing your blood pressure, heart rate, and overall condition, Dr. Castello may have you undergo an electrocardiogram (ECG), an echocardiogram, or a stress echocardiogram to get more information about your heart.
In most cases, treating the underlying cause of cardiac syncope is the best way to stop the problem. To learn more, call or book an appointment online today.